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      Declaration of Faith - Kalma

                          Islam

(The Fundamental Principles of Islam) 

                      Chapter I

         The Declaration of Faith 

                         

Q.1 What is the first principle of Islam ?

Ans : The first principle of Islam is to declare :

       " La ilaha ill-Allah Muhammad-ur-rasoolullah "

i.e. “ There is no deity but Allah and Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah ” 

Q.2 Are there any other forms of the Declaration of Faith ?

Ans : Yes, there are four other forms, viz : 

1) Kalimatush Shahadat : Declaration of Submission, of Evidence, viz.., 

" Ash hadu an la ilaha ill-Allahu Wahdahu la sharika lahu wa Ash hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasooluh "

i.e., I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah, who is without partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and Apostle.’   

2) Kalimatut-Tamjeed : Declaration of the Glory of Allah, viz.., 

" Subhanallahi walhamdu Lillahi wa la ilaha ill-Allahu wallahu Akbar, wa la haula Wa la quwata illa billahil ‘aliyyil-‘ Azeem "

i.e.,’ Glory be to Allah and praise; there is no deity but Allah; Allah is Most Great, there is no power, no might but from Allah, the Most High, the Great.’   

3) Kalimatut-Tauhid : Declaration of the Oneness of Allah; viz..,

" La ilaha ill-Allahu wahdahu La sharika lahu ,lahul mulku Wa lahul hamdu, yuhyi wa Yumeetu, biyadihil khairu, wa huwa ‘ala kulli shai-in Qadeer "

i.e. “ There is none worthy of worship but Allah; He is One and has no partner, His is the Kingdom (of the whole universe) and unto Him due all Praise; He gives life and He causes death; In his hand is all good, and He has power over all things.   

4) Kalimatu raddil-kufr : Declaration of the Refutation of Disbelief, viz.., 

" Allahumma inni a’oozu bika Min an ushrika bika shai’an Wa ana a’lamu wa astaghfiruka Lima la a’lamu innaka Anta ‘ Allam ul-ghuyoobi Tubtu anhu wa tabarr’atu An kulli deenin siwa deen "

- Islami wa aslamtu wa Aqoolu la ilaha ill-Allahu Muhammad-ur-rasool-ullah

i.e. ‘O Allah! Verily do I seek refuge in Thee from associating any partner with Thee knowingly; I beseech Thy forgiveness for the sins which I am not aware of; verily, Thou art the Best Knower of all secrets. I repent for all the sins and make myself proof against all teachings expect the teachings of Islam. I have entered the fold of Islam, and I hereby declare :- There is no deity but Allah and Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah.